View the Project on GitHub trusslab/mousse


Mousse is a platform to analyze programs interacting with complex environments that cannot be modeled nor virtualized (untamed environments) using selective symbolic execution (SSE).

Before you try Mousse, there are some questions we would like to answer.

Why do I need Mousse to analyze programs? Can I just use S2E?

Mousse was invented with the goal of analyzing real-world complex programs that require interaction with complex environments. The environments here cannot be modeled nor virtualized. One example of such environments is customized hardware components. To correctly analyze a program that interacts with the underlying environment, S2E needs the virtual machine to virtualize the underlying environment including its hardwares. But it is almost impossible to virtualize customized hardware components and the corresponding device drivers usually don’t exist in existing virtual machines. Mousse can easily analyze such programs without modeling and virtualizing the underlying environments.

Does Mousse support the analysis of different programming languages?

Mousse now just supports native programs (c/c++).

Can Mousse analyze close-sourced binaries?

Yes, Mousse is best suitable for proprietary libraries.

How does Mousse detect bugs?

We developed multiple memory checkers in Mousse to detect bugs and vulnerabilities. Examples are double-free checker, use-after-free checker.

What kind of architecture does Mousse support?

Mousse now supports 32-bit ARM.

*More techinical details, please refer to our paper: Mousse

Now try Mousse if you are interested!

Hardware prerequisites

Mousse supports distributed execution. To run Mousse, you will need:

  1. One server that runs Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS. Other Ubuntu versions might also work, but not guaranted.
  2. At least one Pixel 3 (client) that runs blueline (android-9.0.0_r30 from AOSP). Other Android phones would also work, but this instruction is based on Pixel 3.

Set up the hardware

Set up dependencies for Mousse

Before cross-compiling Mousse for ARM, you need: First, create an standalone toolchain from Android NDK. Second: build the dependent libraries needed by Mousse. Run to download android-ndk:


Install the toolchain to ~/Mousse/mousse_dependencies

      mkdir ~/Mousse
      ~/android-ndk-r14b/build/tools/ --arch arm --api 24 --install-dir ~/Mousse/mousse_dependencies

Checkout Mousse scripts:

      cd ~/Mousse
      git clone

Dowload the prebuilt libraries from here. Then run the script to build Mousse’s dependent libraries and install them to the toolchain sysroot.

      mv mousse_prebuilt_deps.tar.gz ~/Mousse/mousse_dependencies
      mousse_scripts/ ~/Mousse/mousse_dependencies

Build Mousse client from source code

Get Mousse client source code:

      git clone mousse_source
      git clone

Run the commands to build Mousse client source code:

      cd ~/Mousse
      mkdir mousse_build
      cd mousse_build

Build Mousse server from source code

Run the commands to build Mousse server source code:

      cd ~/Mousse

Test a toy program

Add your Pixel 3 ID to devices.txt (You can add more than one if you want to use multiple phones. Run ‘adb devices’ to get all attached device IDs). To test a toy program we provided in ./mousse_testing/toy_program, run the commands to set up your client:

      cd ~/Mousse/mousse_scripts/testing
      ./ -s -o target_toy

Run the commands to build the toy program and push it to the device:

      cd ./toy_program toy.c
      adb -s <device_id> push ./toy /data/local/mousse/target_toy

The toy program has 8 execution paths in total. The concurrent threshold is set to 3 by default in s2e-configu.lua (i.e. It allows 2 execution paths run concurrently). Run the command to test the toy program:

      ./ -d 1 -o target_toy /data/local/mousse/target_toy/toy

If you have multiple phones available, start a new terminal for each one then run (‘n’ is the device index in devices.txt):

      ./ -d <n> -o target_toy /data/local/mousse/target_toy/toy

Choose ‘c’ if you see “A mousse server instance is already running” shows and waits for your action, which means you want to connect to the same mousse server instance that has been started. You can monitor the server’s progress in server.log. Or you can run ‘screen -r’ to resume the server’s screen session. When the testing is finished, you will see print like “server has no data available”. Press ctrl z to stop testing.

Enable additional Mousse features

Please refer to here if you want to try mousse checkers, mousse coverage plugin or test a real Android service.



The work was supported by NSF Award #1763172